Events Calendar


Position Statements

(Adopted at Audubon Assembly Oct 20, 2017)


2018 Regional Conservation Priority: Everglades

The lower east coast of Florida is known for its beautiful beaches, productive estuaries, unique wildlife, and proximity to the Everglades. These natural wonders have attracted many people, and, of all the National Parks, Everglades and Biscayne National Parks have the highest population density adjacent to their borders. These unique conditions create a distinct set of conservation challenges when trying to accommodate human needs while protecting and restoring the Everglades and other wildlife habitat in Southeast Florida.

It is important to recognize the interrelated benefits of conservation for people and wildlife. Restoring the Everglades and other regional wetlands and landscapes provides critical life support and services for both, such as recharging and conserving water supplies, absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, providing world-class tourism crucial to the South Florida economy, and preserving areas of wilderness for current and future generations to enjoy.

The lower east coast of Florida and the Everglades is home to more than 350 species of birds including the iconic Roseate Spoonbill, the endangered Wood Stork and Everglade Snail Kite. As a result of the draining of wetlands for flood control, agriculture, and residential development in addition to the misuse of water resources, many species are jeopardized. Preserving current populations and enabling the return of wading bird super-colonies and other indicator species that once symbolized the Everglades are the best measures of conservation success.

While individual chapters work on various issues and activities in their specific regions, the following goals reflect a shared commitment across the four chapters encompassed within the Everglades Regional Conservation Committee (RCC). Together the RCC will work toward these collective goals, while additional chapter activities are reflected in a supplemental list.

Therefore be it resolved:

The Audubon chapters in the Everglades region, in alignment with Audubon Florida and the Atlantic Flyway, using information derived from sound science, will mobilize volunteer leadership, members, conservation allies, community leaders, public officials and governmental agencies to:

Climate Change

  • Educate chapter members, community members and decision-makers on the influences of climate change including impacts to water supply, ecosystems, shorelines, marine habitats, Everglades restoration, birds and other wildlife and other impacts on human and natural systems.

Everglades Restoration

  • Identify opportunities to advocate, expedite and improve Everglades restoration efforts throughout the entire Greater Everglades Ecosystem from the Kissimmee Chain of Lakes to Florida Bay, and guard against threats to Everglades habitats such as fracking, urban sprawl and other intrusive activities.
  • Water: Enhance water conservation efforts at an individual, local, municipal, state and federal level to improve freshwater deliveries to the Everglades with the correct quantity, quality, timing and distribution and to reduce demand on and damage to the natural system during dry periods. Promote the prompt return of more historical freshwater flows in order to improve habitat quality, protect low-lying and coastal areas from rising sea level, and advocate for the preservation and restoration of natural shorelines to increase resiliency.
  • Funding: Advocate for intended use of Amendment 1 funds for restoration projects, including Everglades restoration, and for increased funding for the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) so they can fulfill their mission.
  • Restoration Progress: Advocate for the timely implementation of SB 10 to build a reservoir south of Lake Okeechobee and increase freshwater flows to Everglades National Park and Florida Bay. Advocate for timely implementation of CEPP to augment even more southern freshwater flows. As projects come online, ensure operations deliver maximum ecological benefits as envisioned.

Bird and Wildlife Conservation

  • Participate in bird monitoring programs, enhance the body of knowledge involving birds in the Everglades and Southeast Florida and use this knowledge to prevent degradation and fragmentation to reestablish a contiguous migratory bird habitat that aid in increasing survival of resident and migratory species.
  • Inspire legislators to recognize the importance of local Florida Forever projects along the migratory flyway as beneficial to their communities. Create bird-friendly habitat through education and program implementation. Halt threats to critical bird habitat, such as elimination of Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge.
  • Preserve, expand and enhance wetlands and other habitats to increase populations of wading birds, Everglades Snail Kites and other wildlife and simultaneously reduce populations of invasive species.


(September 4, 2016)

Daniel O’Keefe

Governing Board Chair

South Florida Water Management District

3301 Gun Club Road

West Palm Beach, FL 33406

Dear Chairman O’Keefe:

Audubon Society of the Everglades (ASE) is concerned about the recent decision of the South Florida Water Management District Governing Board to issue a notice of default and to begin the process of revoking the lease agreement between the District and the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) on the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (LNWR).

LNWR is the largest National Wildlife Refuge in the State of Florida and an important resource to ASE. Our members spend countless hours walking the boardwalks and levees and canoeing and kayaking in the canals. They go on a weekly, guided bird walk from the end of October through April in search of the 250 species of endemic and migratory birds that call the Refuge “home.” For 17 years, ASE has joined the Friends of Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge to produce and support financially the Everglades Day Festival, which draws thousands to experience our national treasure.

We feel that the USFWS can point with pride to the accomplishment of meeting 12 ½ of the 13 performance measures that were part of the 2002 license renewal with the District. There is no doubt that a crisis of Lygodium and other invasive exotics exists on public and private lands, including the LNWR. However, cancelling the lease and shifting responsibility from the USFWS to the District does not solve the crisis. We have learned since the lease agreement of 2002 that the level of effort necessary to control Melaleuca and Old World climbing fern in the Refuge requires a large and concerted approach that cannot be implemented by the USFWS alone.  We urge the District to review the target performance goals of the lease and to renegotiate a more realistic containment plan, as outlined in the June 24, 2016 response of Deputy Assistant Secretary for the Interior to Mr. Antonacci’s April 15, 2016 letter.

We certainly recognize and appreciate that the state has increased its investment in the treatment of exotic invasive species in recent years. However, we want to call attention to the fact that LNWR has received a proportionally large amount of the funds allocated by the federal government for invasive plant control.  In 2016 $1.65 million went to LNWR to combat exotic plants. This was more than half of the total funds allocated to the Southeast Region and more than 10% of the total funding available nationally for the control of exotic plants.

If the District takes back management of the Refuge, significant long-term costs will be added to its already strained budget. We believe that a continued collaborative partnership between the state and the federal government can keep us from arriving at the worst-case scenario – the removal of the USFWS from the LNWR while the invasive species issues remain. Audubon of the Everglades is prepared to work with you to advocate for the state and federal funding necessary to meet our common goal of exotic plant containment in the Refuge.

Please let us know how we can partner with you to promote our mutual interest in Everglades preservation and restoration, especially with reference to our beloved Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge.


Audubon Society of the Everglades

(June 19, 2015)

Dear County Mayor and Commissioners –

On behalf of the Everglades Coalition and its 57 member organizations, we write to oppose the use of the Dade-Collier Training and Transition airport for a trade-style air show exhibition. The very idea of commercializing this facility flies in direct conflict with the original creation of America’s first National Preserve to protect the Big Cypress Swamp and the greater Everglades ecosystem.

Big Cypress National Preserve was established “to assure the preservation, conservation, and protection of the natural, scenic, hydrologic, floral and faunal, and recreational values of the Big Cypress Watershed in the State of Florida and to provide for the enhancement and public enjoyment thereof …” 16 U.S.C. § 698f(a). The preserve’s creation came about due to the valiant efforts of the hunting, off-road vehicle, and environmental communities banding together to thwart the detrimental and inappropriate airport development proposal in this environmentally sensitive area.

This proposal would undoubtedly bring significant long-term impacts to a remote, ecologically-sensitive area and result in pressure for further development. Structures, electricity, water and sewer, and emergency services would be necessary to serve work crews and large crowds drawn by aerospace machinery. Roadways would need to accommodate the equipment used to transport materials, equipment, and participants. Performance of the show itself carries risk of aerial bird collisions, jet fuel spills and exhaust releases, and noise impacts that will disrupt native wildlife, nesting birds, the endangered Florida panther, and tourists to the nearby Oasis Visitor’s Center.

We urge the County to put a stop to this idea before any more time or resources are wasted in planning efforts. Someone has tried to sell the County a jar of snake oil in contradiction to its responsibilities. From the 1960’s, the County committed to locate another site for the flight training activities and transfer the land in question back to the Department of Interior. However, since then the County has attempted to turn this unique natural area into a money maker in one way or another, including rock mining and other incompatible activities – rather than seeking to protect this amazing place.

Any attempt to continue to develop the jetport as a commercial air show will be met with vehement opposition from the Everglades Coalition and its member organizations. Thank you for your attention to this matter.


 (June 15, 2015 )

Victory in Biscayne National Park and Updates From South Florida Wildlands – Audubon Everglades had supported this effort several years ago, and we have just learned that

“South Florida Wildlands Association recently received word from the National Park Service that one of our longstanding campaigns – the future of Biscayne National Park – had been resolved.  While awaiting the decision, we considered the importance of the most visited marine park in our nation and its outstanding natural resources, including dozens of federally listed species and the only coral reef in the continental U.S. located inside a National Park.  We also reflected on ­­­the multi-year campaign South Florida Wildlands and our allies waged to protect this unique park through the adoption of a new General Management Plan – a plan we hoped would restore dwindling fish populations; protect and restore seagrass beds and coral reefs damaged by boat propellers, fishing debris, anchors, and groundings; prevent disturbances to nesting birds along the park’s fragile shorelines – known to abandon nests in the presence of loud motors; and reduce or eliminate powerboat collisions – often fatal – with endangered manatees, sea turtles and other marine wildlife.
We’re happy to say that this time the National Park Service got it exactly right.  Biscayne National Park has announced it will be implementing a 10,502 acre marine reserve (a “no fishing zone”) over the heart of the park’s coral reef in addition to no combustion motor, no wake, and slow speed zones surrounding many of the park’s sensitive shorelines.   Not only will the elimination of recreational and commercial fishing inside the reserve allow more and bigger fish to survive and reproduce (and spill out to the vast majority of the park which remains open to fishing), but it will also greatly reduce anchor damage, groundings, and fishing debris from impacting the park’s very special reef tract.  Regulations on motoring will benefit seagrass beds, manatees and other wildlife as well as nesting birds.  And human visitors who enjoy paddling, diving, glass bottom boat viewing, bird watching, and fishing will have the opportunity to experience a quieter and healthier park ecosystem with a more natural abundance of the fish and wildlife that draw visitors to Biscayne National Park from throughout the world.”

(May 22, 2015 )

NGO Letter to NRC USACE 5-15 NRC-2009-0337 click here to see the letter ASE signed May 22 along with other conservation groups

(September 30, 2014) Letter from Florida Audubon which Audubon Society of the Everglades (ASE) joined in signing to advocate inclusion of Everglades Restoration in the new Federal Water Resources Reform Act (WRRDA) of 2014

Mr. Bruce Carlson

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

441 G Street NW

Washington, D.C. 20314-1000


September 30, 2014

Dear Mr. Carlson:

The Water Resources Reform and Development Act (WRRDA) of 2014 provides the first opportunity in seven years to advance new Everglades restoration projects and to develop new procedures for improving the nation’s water infrastructure. We greatly appreciate the opportunity to discuss some of the provisions relevant to Everglades restoration with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

As you begin to interpret the new directives in the 2014 WRRDA, we would like to see guidance for the following provisions prioritized. We look forward to working with you throughout this process, and appreciate the Administration’s continued commitment to restoring America’s Everglades.

Section 1014: Study and Construction of Projects by Non-Federal Interests

  • This section provides that work carried out under this provision by a Non-Federal Interest “shall be eligible for credit or reimbursement for the Federal share…” §1014 (Sec. 204)(d)(1). We would like to see specific details about how reimbursement under this section will be captured in the budget process.
  • For purposes of balancing cost-share between the Federal and non-Federal project sponsors, we believe it is important to provide clarity as to whether and when reimbursements will be posted to the Federal or the non-Federal side of the cost-share ledger.
  • Guidance on this section should be prioritized because it sets forth guidelines for non-Federal sponsors willing to complete feasibility studies and initiate construction before Congressional authorization of a project, and in order to make the most of the cost savings, technical skill and experience that non-Federal sponsors provide.

Section 1018: Credit for In-Kind Contributions

  • This section sets forth agreements that must be in order for a non-Federal interest to receive credit for in-kind work done before the execution of a project partnership agreement. The Committee Report notes that “[a]t a time of limited Federal budgets, the Managers urge the Secretary to work with non-Federal interests willing to invest local funding in civil works projects.”
  • Guidance developed to implement this section should clarify whether the in-kind work provided by the non-Federal interest is eligible for credit if it commences or is completed prior to the relevant project being Congressionally authorized.

Section 1020: Transfer of Excess Credits

  • This Section allows credits for non-Federal in-kind work obtained from one water resources project to be applied toward a different water resources project if a number of criteria are met.
  • Will parameters be established for an acceptable comprehensive plan within which credits can be transferred?

Section 1043: Non-Federal Implementation Pilot Program

  • This section sets up a pilot program to demonstrate the ability of non-Federal sponsors to plan and construct projects “to evaluate the cost-effectiveness and project delivery efficiency of allowing non-Federal interests to carry out…projects.” §1043 (b)(1).
  • What metrics will be used “to evaluate the cost-effectiveness” and “efficiency” of the pilot program?
  • Is there an expectation that all contracts let through this pilot program will be “design-build”?
  • WRRDA 2014 does not speak to whether a project that has surpassed the funding limits in Section 902 of WRDA 1986 is eligible to participate in this program. Because this is a pilot program aimed at determining whether non-Federal interests can improve cost-effectiveness, we believe that projects that have exceeded the “902 limit” should not be precluded from participating in the pilot program.

Section 7004: Expedited Consideration in the House and Senate

  • This section lays out the process for developing an “interim authorization bill.”
  • What will be the process for selecting, developing and reviewing projects that the Corps proposes to submit to Congress under this new mechanism for expedited authorization?

Significant progress has been made in the effort to restore America’s Everglades. However, the Greater Everglades Ecosystem continues to decline, which has environmental, economic and water supply impacts. In general, projects should be prioritized that prevent catastrophic ecosystem impacts, respond to public health threats and reduce damage to local economies.

The above sections in WRRDA 2014 include opportunities to implement creative solutions and accelerate Everglades restoration progress, a need that was highlighted by the National Research Council in its 2014 Biennial report on the Everglades. Therefore, it is imperative that a timely analysis of these provisions and guidance about their implementation, be provided to ensure restoration can and will proceed in a timely and uninterrupted manner.

Thank you again for initiating this important discussion about the future of America’s water resources and Everglades restoration.





cc: Secretary Jo-Ellen Darcy

Major General John Peabody

Steve Stockton

 (October 3, 2014) ASE Letter Advocating against Sugar Hill Development  – SFWMD  recommends AGAINST the development project as detrimental to Everglades Restoration SFWMD_comment_letter sugar hill 

(September 25, 2014) Letter ASE wrote/signed  letter (see pdf for included chart sugar hill sep 25 2014) to advocate prevention of building company town Sugar Hill in Everglades restoration land

The Audubon Society of the Everglades, Inc.

P.O. Box 16914

West Palm Beach, FL 33416-6914


October 1, 2014


The Audubon Society of the Everglades joins with our colleagues in the conservation community to oppose the plan by U.S. Sugar to create a sprawling 67 square mile company town called Sugar Hill in the heart of land critically needed for Everglades restoration. With plans to build an estimated 18,000 homes and 25 million square feet of commercial space, the Palm Beach Post editorial board has correctly characterized this as “the equivalent of 25 Gardens Malls.”


Clearly, the fast-tracking of such an ambitious and unprecedented development plan needs to slow down. We call on the Florida Department of Environmental Protection and the South Florida Water Management District to strongly oppose this short-sighted and inadequately researched plan when they make their comments this week to the Department of Economic Opportunity.


While the environmental community has raised well-reasoned scientific objections that such a bloated building project would adversely impact the Florida Everglades and the Caloosahatchee and St. Lucie estuaries in their critical flood control and water supply functions for millions of Floridians, the same cannot be said of the developers, who have failed to explain why such an environmentally threatening plan must be rushed through regulatory approvals without allowing time for deliberate, independent studies of the environmental and economic impact.

public ownership of essential lands necessary to completing the restoration of the Everglades is clearly the only permanent solution to these constant development bombs being dropped on South Florida, forcing the public to battle special interests on multiple fronts simultaneously. And there is no time like the present. Interest

page two

rates on general obligation municipal bonds to finance such land purchases are at their lowest level in half a century, as evidenced by the chart below from the economic research department at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.

Today, we have the opportunity to do something that generations to come will look back on and praise — to preserve a critical and cherished part of Florida’s heritage that is also essential to its flood protection and clean water needs. And we have the opportunity to do it at the lowest interest rates in 50 years.


This is the vision we need to be talking about – not a throwback to the company towns of the 19th Century.

Paton White, President, Audubon Society of the Eveglades

(August 28, 2014)  Letter ASE signed to include ALL water sources in the clean water act rules

September 5, 2014

Sign-on Letter

The Honorable Gina McCarthy


US Environmental Protection Agency

The Honorable Jo-Ellen Darcy Assistant Secretary of the Army Department of the Army, Civil Works

Water Docket

Environmental Protection Agency

Mail Code 2822T

1200 Pennsylvania Avenue

Washington, DC 20460

Email to:


Re: Clean Water Rule Docket ID # EPA-HQ-OW-2011-0880


Dear Administrator McCarthy and Assistant Secretary Darcy:

The undersigned organizations and businesses working in Florida appreciate the opportunity to comment on the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and US Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) proposed Definition of “Waters of the United States Under the Clean Water Act” to clarify which streams, wetlands and other waters are protected under the Clean Water Act. This rule is long overdue. Many of our organizations and businesses have spent more than a decade advocating to restore Clean Water Act protections to all wetlands and tributary streams, as Congress originally intended when it passed the landmark Act in 1972.

Our organizations and businesses support the proposed rule for the clear protections it restores to headwaters, intermittent and ephemeral streams, and to wetlands and other waters located near or within the floodplain of these tributaries. We urge the Agencies to strengthen the final rule by further clarifying that important wetlands and other waters located beyond floodplains are also categorically protected under the Clean Water Act.

For its first thirty years, the Clean Water Act safeguarded nearly all of our rivers, streams, lakes and wetlands, in order to “restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters.” Despite the law’s dramatic progress at combating water pollution nationally, federal policy changes in the last decade have left many small streams and “isolated” wetlands vulnerable to pollution or destruction. These federal policy changes have called into question Clean Water Act protections for nearly 60% of our nation’s stream miles and at least 20 million acres of wetlands in the continental United States.

Millions of small streams, springs, and wetlands provide the flow to our most treasured American rivers, including the Suwanee River and St. Johns River, both of which are important sources of recreation and wildlife habitat. Similarly, streams and wetlands form the Kissimmee Basin and the Kissimmee River, which flow into Lake Okeechobee and are the key source of water for the Everglades ecosystem. Florida’s over 900 springs also offer significant recreational opportunities for visitors and residents and several million dollars to the local economy each year. The proposed rule will help clarify that the small streams, springs, and wetlands flowing into these water bodies are covered as long as they meet the definitions under Page 2 of 3 the rule. This will eliminate the need for a case-specific analysis and room for debate that comes at the cost of our water quality, public health, and economy.

The Florida Department of Environmental Protection has also estimated that over 800,000 acres in the Panhandle region alone are so-called “isolated” waters, which do not have clear Clean Water Act protections. These shallow, depressional wetlands, including cypress domes, need to be protected to support critical wildlife habitat and recreational opportunities for future generations.

If we do not protect these Florida water bodies, we cannot preserve and restore the lakes, rivers and bays on which communities and local economies depend. Leaving critical water resources vulnerable jeopardizes jobs and revenue for businesses that depend on clean water, including outdoor activities like angling and water-based recreation.

We support the Agencies’ proposal to define all tributaries as “waters of the United States,” including headwaters and small streams that may only flow seasonally. Headwater streams provide most of the flow to downstream streams and rivers, and make up 29 percent of Florida’s stream miles. Intermittent and ephemeral streams may only flow during parts of the year, but they support water quality in downstream waters by filtering pollutants and capturing nutrients and make up 12 percent of Florida’s stream miles.

These streams are also critical habitat for fish and other aquatic species. Headwater and seasonal streams also feed the drinking water sources of 117 million Americans. Clarifying that all tributary streams, regardless of size or frequency of flow are covered under the Clean Water Act will restore protections to 580 miles of headwater, intermittent and ephemeral streams in Florida that supply drinking water sources.

In addition, we support the Agencies’ definition of tributary and strongly agree that ditches should be defined as “waters of the U.S.” where they function as tributaries. There is sufficient scientific evidence that some ditches function as tributaries moving water and pollutants downstream. In those cases protection is important.

We support the Agencies’ determination that all adjacent wetlands are “Waters of the U.S.” Wetlands perform critical functions that support aquatic life, clean drinking water and safeguard communities from floods. Wetlands protect the water quality of entire watersheds by filtering pollutants. They also store floodwaters, reducing flood flows that can threaten property and infrastructure. Wetlands also provide essential fish and wildlife habitat that support robust outdoor recreation and tourism. When wetlands are polluted, dredged or filled, these benefits are lost.

In order to protect wetlands and other resources, we also urge the Agencies to:

1. Categorically define certain non-adjacent “other waters” as “Waters of the United States” and identify additional subcategories of waters that are jurisdictional, rather than requiring case-by-case determinations. Wetlands and other waters, even so-called isolated ones that are not adjacent to tributaries, provide many of the same natural benefits as adjacent waters located within floodplains. In fact, it is because of their placement outside of floodplains that they function as “sinks” to capture and filter pollutants and store floodwaters, protecting the physical, biological and chemical integrity of downstream waters.

2. Provide for new science by not categorically excluding any of the “other waters,” and establishing a process by which evolving science can inform jurisdictional decisions in the future. “Other waters” that cannot be defined as jurisdictional in the final rule should still be assessed on a case-by-case basis and provisions made for categorically including them as “Waters of the United States” if and when evolving science indicates that this is appropriate.

It is particularly critical for Floridians that the Agencies implement a strong rule to protect our economy and environment. With a strong tourism-based economy, Florida depends on healthy streams and wetlands in order to sustain fish and wildlife for its vibrant recreational industry. According to VISIT FLORIDA’s 2012-2013 Annual Report, 91.5 million out-of-state and international visitors and 20.3 million in-state travelers participated in tourism in Florida in 2012. Visitors spent a total of $71.8 billion into Florida’s economy and over 1 million Floridians were directly employed by tourism in 2012. According to reports by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Florida residents and nonresidents spent $9 billion on wildlife recreation, including $4.6 billion on fishing, in 2011. More than 6.4 million Floridians participated in wildlife recreation activities in 2011. Floridians depend on streams and wetlands to be clean and desirable for visitors in order to support the thriving recreational tourism industry and economy.

The Agencies’ commonsense proposal is based on the best scientific understanding of how streams and wetlands affect downstream water quality. The public benefits of the rule – in the form of flood protection, filtering pollution, providing wildlife habitat, supporting outdoor recreation and recharging groundwater – far outweigh the costs. When finalized, this rule will provide the regulatory assurance that has been absent for over a decade, eliminate permit confusion and delay, and better protect the critical water resources on which our communities depend.

We urge the Agencies to swiftly finalize a rule to clarify that all waters with a “significant nexus” to downstream waters are clearly protected under the Clean Water Act.

We thank the Agencies for their efforts to protect these waters and look forward to working with them to finalize and implement a strong “Definition of Waters of the United States under the Clean Water Act.”


Undersigned Organization

(August 28, 2014) Letter to President Obama ASE signed to support budget funds for restoring the Everglades

September 4, 2014

President Barack Obama
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
Washington, DC 20500
Dear Mr. President:
Enclosed are recommendations for your FY 2016 budget that are vital for advancing the restoration of America’s Everglades. We understand that the Administration is now working on that budget request at the agency level.
We wish to acknowledge and thank you for your strong support for restoring America’s Everglades. Your Administration understands that a healthy environment is good business—as shown by the Mather Economics study commissioned by the Everglades Foundation, which projected that restoration will produce and increase in economic benefits from $45 billion to $123.9 billion based on an investment of $11.5 billion. In short, for every dollar spent on Everglades restoration, we will get at least four dollars in return, in the form of higher home values, increased tourism, and stronger fishing and boating industries.
First we would like to comment on the pending FY 2015 appropriations process.
The Water Resources Reform and Development Act (WRRDA) legislation, which became law this year, included four Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) projects—the C-43 reservoir; the C-111 Spreader Canal; the Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands; and the Broward County Water Preserve Areas. As work on the FY 15 appropriations process moves ahead, we ask that you advocate for a minimal level of funding for these projects. This will prevent the projects from being delayed by any future Congressional restriction on funding new project starts. This will also allow Project Partnership Agreements (PPAs) to be executed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Army Corps) and the South Florida Water Management District. PPAs are a prerequisite to constructing these projects.
Mr. President, in order to continue progress on Everglades restoration, we ask that your FY 2016 budget seek funding for CERP as follows:
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: CERP Projects
We deeply appreciate the strong level of support that your budget has shown for Everglades restoration over the past six years. We believe our FY 2016 budget requests are reasonable amounts that can easily be expended to move Everglades restoration forward and avoid situations where allocating full funding amounts for projects has not been possible. It will be of critical importance to simplify Corps decision-making and review so that these critical projects can move forward.
The Picayune Strand project needs approximately $15 million for work on the Miller Pump Station. This project will restore 72,000 acres of wetlands and habitat in southwest Florida by removing over 260 miles of roadway and 48 miles of canals associated with a failed real estate development.
The Indian River Lagoon South project (C-44 Reservoir component) needs some $80 million for the construction of the reservoir itself. That funding is necessary for work on the C-44 Reservoir and to keep pace with the State’s work on the Stormwater Treatment Areas (STAs) and discharge canal for the C-44 project. Earlier this year the Governor of Florida committed to construct these STAs at a cost of some $60 million. When completed, the C-44 reservoir and the STAs will cleanse much of the runoff from the St. Lucie basin that is a major contributor to the all too frequent pollution of the St. Lucie River and the Indian River Lagoon. The entire Indian River Lagoon South project and its C-44 component represents a major cooperative effort between the Army Corps, the State of Florida and Martin County, Florida. Martin County has contributed $75 million from its citizens to buy land for the Indian River Lagoon South project.
In addition to construction funding for CERP projects that are under way, approximately $25 million should be requested for design of the four newly authorized projects above, to ensure that near term progress.
Finally there is a CERP project that promises to be one of the most important Everglades restoration projects—the Central Everglades Planning Project (CEPP). While the Army Corps has used CEPP planning as a model to greatly reduce the normal time for completing a Chief of Engineer’s Report on Corps projects, and the “Chief’s Report” for CEPP should be completed and sent to Congress this year, CEPP was not included in this year’s WRRDA legislation because the report had not been completed.
In 2011, the Army Corps launched CEPP. This innovative pilot project is the first major step towards restoration of the core of the Everglades. The primary goal of CEPP is to provide an increased supply of clean water to the central Everglades, Everglades National Park, and Florida Bay. It bundles elements of existing CERP projects including “decompartmentalization,” water storage, seepage management, and operational changes. CEPP will deliver an average of 67 billion gallons per year to the Everglades Protection Area and will provide a 28 percent improvement in habitat quality across the entire project area of nearly two million acres with the greatest ecological benefits projected for Water Conservation Area 3A and Everglades National Park extending far south to Florida Bay. Once completed, CEPP will reduce runoff from Lake Okeechobee to the St. Lucie and the Caloosahatchee estuaries. Therefore, it is vital that CEPP be authorized by Congress without undue delay so that planning and design money for CEPP can be provided at the earliest possible date.
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: Non-CERP Projects
In addition to three CERP projects, there are two non-CERP projects that require funding for construction in FY 2016 — Kissimmee River restoration and the C-111 South Dade project. For FY 2016, the Kissimmee River restoration needs approximately $30 million that will keep this important restoration project on schedule for completion in FY 2018. This project reverses an ill-advised decision made decades ago to channelize this beautiful and meandering river. Great progress has been made in returning the river to its natural state and wildlife is rapidly returning to the restored areas of the river.
The C-111 South Dade project needs some $20 million to award a contract for the North Detention Area. This project involves a series of detention basins that will counteract seepage out of Everglades National Park and increase ecological benefits of ongoing efforts to restore more natural hydrology in the Everglades.
U.S. Department of the Interior
Mr. President, vital Everglades restoration work is also done by the Department of the Interior. We are very pleased that the National Park Service has committed to provide $30 million per year for three years to match Florida’s $90 million state commitment to build the 2.6-mile bridge segment of the Tamiami Trail Next Steps project. This bridging will enable long-blocked water flow under this highway to bring badly needed water to Everglades National Park. The National Park Service intends to use funds from the Federal Lands Transportation Program to fulfill its commitment.
We respectfully ask that funding be included in the FY 2016 budget for land and acquisition of easements for the Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area. The Department of the Interior also needs additional funds for the removal of invasive and exotic species at the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge and for monitoring and assessments. This critical funding has been reduced in recent years.
In summary, we would like to see that the FY 2016 budget request include, at a minimum, the following for the Everglades:
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
-CERP Planning and Design–$25 million
-CERP-Indian River Lagoon South (C-44 Reservoir)–$80 million
-CERP-Picayune Strand–$15 million
-Kissimmee River restoration–$30 million
-C-111 South Dade–$20 million
Total: $170 million
U.S. Department of the Interior
-Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge–$15 million
-Invasive species eradication–$2 million
-CERP monitoring and assessment–$2 million
Mr. President, we again appreciate the support you and your Administration have given to Everglades restoration. We deeply appreciate your attention to our requests.
(Signatures waived to expedite delivery)
Charles G. Pattison
Policy Director
1000 Friends of Florida
Brian Moore
Legislative Director
Eric Draper
Executive Director
Audubon Florida
Roger Clark
Audubon of Southwest Florida
Paton White
Audubon of the Everglades
Paul J. Marinelli
Audubon of the Western Everglades
Jaclyn Lopez
Florida Attorney
Center for Biological Diversity
Kathleen E. Aterno
Florida Director
Clean Water Action
John McCabe
“Ding” Darling Wildlife Society
Eric Eikenberg
Everglades Foundation
Mary Barley
Everglades Trust
Ray Judah
Florida Coastal and Ocean Coalition
Mark D. Perry
Executive Director
Florida Oceanographic Society
Manley Fuller
Florida Wildlife Federation
Elinor Williams
Friends of the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge
John Adornato
Sun Coast Regional Director
National Parks Conservation Association
Millard McCleary
Executive Program Director
Reef Relief
Rae Ann Wessel
Natural Resource Policy Director
Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation
Jonathan Ullman
South Florida/Everglades Senior Field Organizer
Sierra Club
Brett Fitzgerald
Chief Executive Officer
Snook & Gamefish Foundation
Doug Young
South Florida Audubon Society
Laura Reynolds
Executive Director
Tropical Audubon Society


(July 24, 2014) ASE Letter Position Supporting Everglades Coalition letter about Fisheating Creek

(April 29, 2014) ASE Letter Position Supporting Tamiani Trail  – September 12, DOT successfully passed the $20 million project

          Audubon Society of the Everglades

PO Box 16914

West Palm Beach, FL 33416-6914

April 29, 2014

The Honorable Anthony Foxx

U.S. Department of Transportation

1200 New Jersey Ave, SE

Washington, DC 20590


Dear Mr. Foxx:

As an interested party in the development of the Tamiami Trail bridging projects, Audubon Society of the Everglades enthusiastically supports the Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) V grant application for the Tamiami Trail: Next Steps 2.6 mile bridge. Bridging Tamiami Trail to recreate more natural freshwater flows into Everglades National Park is an important component of Everglades Restoration.

Since its construction in 1928, Tamiami Trail has acted as a dam blocking the north to south flow of water at the heart of the River of Grass. The result is parched wetlands that impact wading bird populations in Everglades National Park and Florida Bay. By raising strategic portions of the Tamiami Trail, the Everglades can be reconnected and an outlet provided for dangerously high water levels north of the Trail and near the Caloosahatchee and St. Lucie estuaries.

An economic study conducted by Mather Economics in 2011 found that for every $1 invested in restoring the Everglades, which includes bridging Tamiami Trail, there is at least a $4 return in economic benefits related to real estate, groundwater purification, park visitation, and recreational uses such as birding, hunting, and fishing. Over the next 50 years, the incremental impact of restoration is expected to produce more than 440,000 jobs. The next 2.6-mile bridge span is estimated to generate nearly 4,000 jobs; the first one-mile bridge created more than 1,200 jobs. According to NPS, in 2011, Everglades National Park created more than 2,400 jobs and generated more than $146.8 million in visitor spending. Funding to keep restoration projects, such as Tamiami Trail, on schedule is critical to avoiding collapse of the ecosystem, economy, and water supply of 7.5 million South Floridians.

This project supports the Department of Transportation’s emphasis on economic growth, transportation safety, environmental stewardship and federal, state and local partnerships. As a cooperative effort between the State of Florida, the Department of Transportation and the Department of Interior, bridging Tamiami Trail will efficiently accomplish shared ecosystem restoration goals.

I urge your favorable consideration of the TIGER funding requests for the Tamiami Trail: Next Steps 2.6 mile bridge project.


Paton White, President


(March 7, 2014) ASE Position on Clean Water Act


On behalf of the 53 organizations of the Everglades Coalition and our members and supporters in Florida, thank you for your commitment to improving water quality across the country. We write to ask you to prioritize a specific course of action in your plans for achieving clean water. We need to restore the Clean Water Act
The Everglades is the hallmark of Florida – a unique ecosystem found nowhere else on earth – that provides our state with clean drinking water, incredible biodiversity, and countless recreational opportunities for Floridians and visitors alike. We need to do everything possible to protect the source waters of the Everglades and important rivers, lakes and streams across the United States. The health of our waters is in crisis. Beginning in 1972, the Clean Water Act protected all the nation’s waters, from small, unnamed streams, to the Mississippi River. But now, because of two bitterly divided Supreme Court decisions (SWANCC in 2001 and Rapanos in 2006), legal uncertainty threatens countless critical resources with unregulated pollution, including headwater streams, lakes, tributaries, and wetlands.

Audubon Everglades’ Position on Wind Turbines in the EAA

Audubon Society of the Everglades supports and promotes the conservation of wildlife and the natural environment. Audubon Society of the Everglades (ASE) opposes Wind Turbines in the Everglades Agricultural Areas (EAA). The EAA is a major migratory pathway, not only for the endangered and migratory birds, but also the tens of thousands of birds and bats that live in that area. The placement of Wind Turbines in the EAA will have a negative impact on our bird populations.

Audubon Everglades’ Position on Rock Mining

Audubon Society of the Everglades supports and promotes the conservation of wildlife and the natural environment. ASE opposes further approval of permits for additional rock mining in the Everglades Agricultural Area and the conversion of land from agricultural production, as stated in the “1989 Comprehensive Land Use Plan”. Rock Mining removes the rock layer that protects the aquifer (water supply). Another problem aside from surface water pollution in the rock mines is the water in and of itself has a very high sodium (salt water) concentration that would be in violation of EPA standards for human consumption. There is no demonstrated need for further conversion of land FROM agriculture, to rock mining in the foreseeable future.

Audubon Everglades’ Position on John D. MacArthur State Park

Audubon Society of the Everglades supports and promotes the conservation of wildlife and the natural environment. ASE opposes the intrusion of any commercialization into the Florida State Park System. John D. MacArthur State Park was given to Floridians for preservation of a rare ecosystem and is designated “conservation lands” by the Florida Natural Areas Inventory. ASE opposes intrusion of any commercialization at John D. MacArthur State Park.